What are the logistics management modes of cross-border e-commerce for international logistics enterprises?

What are the logistics management modes of cross-border e-commerce for international logistics enterprises?

What are the logistics management modes of cross-border e-commerce for international logistics enterprises? cargo booking Five kinds of logistics development mode detailed explanation

Logistics is a key factor in the development and competition of cross-border e-commerce. container shipping rates The rapid development of cross-border e-commerce in the past five years has also brought vitality and momentum to the traditional cross-border logistics industry, and integrated cross-border logistics services have also emerged. Logistics is a very important consideration for cross-border e-commerce consumers. This paper mainly studies the logistics model of cross-border e-commerce.

Freight transport

1. Postal parcels

According to incomplete statistics, 70% of the parcels in China's cross-border e-commerce export business are delivered through the postal system, of which China Post accounts for about 50%. HongKong Post and Singapore Post are also common logistics methods for cross-border e-commerce sellers in China.

Advantages:

The postal network basically covers the world and is wider than any other logistics channel. freight booking In addition, because the postal service is generally state-owned, with state tax subsidies, the price is very cheap.

Weaknesses:

General private packages are not convenient for customs statistics, nor can they enjoy normal export tax rebates. At the same time, the speed is slow and the packet loss rate is high.

2. International express delivery

International logistics express mainly refers to UPS, Fedex, DHL, TNT these four giants. International economic express has high requirements for the provision, collection and management of information, which is supported by a network technology built by global enterprises and an information system for the development of education internationalization.

Advantages:

Fast speed, good service, low packet loss rate, especially for developed countries in Europe and the United States is very convenient.

Weaknesses:

Prices are expensive, prices and charges vary greatly. General cross-border e-commerce sellers will only use when customers strongly demand timeliness, and will charge customers for shipping.

Third, special line logistics

Cross-border special line logistics is generally through air charter to transport goods abroad, and then through the domestic distribution destination company, is a more popular logistics method.

At present, the most widely used logistics routes in the industry include the United States lines, European lines, Australian lines and Russian lines, and many logistics companies have launched Middle East lines and South American lines.

Advantages:

Concentrated large quantities of goods sent to the destination, through the enterprise economies of scale effect can reduce management costs, therefore, the price is lower than commercial development express, faster than postal packets, packet loss rate is also relatively low.

Weaknesses:

Compared with the postal small package, the freight cost is still much higher, and the range of domestic charges is relatively limited, and the coverage needs to be expanded.

Material flow

4. Overseas warehouse

The so-called overseas warehousing service refers to the one-stop control and management services for goods warehousing, sorting, packaging and delivery provided by the online foreign trade trading platform and logistics service providers independently or jointly for sellers at the sales destination. The seller stores the goods in the local warehouse, and when the buyer has a demand, he will respond quickly in the first time, sorting, packaging and delivery of the goods in a timely manner. The whole process consists of three parts: front-end transportation, warehouse management and local distribution.

First journey transport: Chinese traders ship goods to overseas warehouses by sea, air, land or multimodal transport.

Warehousing management: China Merchants remotely operates overseas warehousing goods and manages inventory in real time through the logistics information system.

Local delivery: The overseas warehouse management center can carry out information according to the order, and distribute the goods to the customer by analyzing the local post or Courier.

Advantages:

The traditional way of foreign trade for warehousing can reduce logistics costs;

Equivalent to sales occurring in China, we can provide flexible and reliable return and exchange programs to improve overseas customers' confidence in purchasing;

Shorten the delivery cycle and speed up the delivery speed, which can reduce the cross-border logistics defect transaction rate.

Overseas warehouses can help sellers expand sales categories and break through the development bottleneck of "large and heavy".

Weaknesses:

Not no one product is suitable for enterprises to use overseas warehouse, it is best to stock a hot single product with fast turnover, otherwise it is easy to press goods.

At the same time, sellers put forward higher requirements in supply chain management, inventory control, dynamic PIN management and other aspects.

5. Domestic express delivery

With the increasing popularity of cross-border e-commerce, domestic express delivery has also begun to accelerate the layout of international business. For example, EMS and SF Express have made great efforts in cross-border logistics.

Due to relying on postal channels, EMS's international business is relatively mature and can cover more than 60 countries.

Advantages:

The speed is faster, the cost is lower than the four international express giants, and the customs clearance capacity of EMS in China is very strong.

Weaknesses:

Because they are not focused on cross-border logistics business and lack of social experience, their ability to control the market needs to be further improved, and their coverage of overseas Chinese markets is relatively limited.

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